National symbols intend to unite people by creating visual, verbal, or iconic representations of the national people, values, goals, or history.These symbols are often rallied around as part of celebrations of patriotism or aspiring nationalism (such as independence, autonomy or separation movements) and are designed to be inclusive and representative of all the people of the national community.Pakistan has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. Every country has its own national symbols, national heroes and some other things known as national identity. Here is a list of national symbols and national things of Pakistan.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher, and politician born in Sialkot, British India (now in Pakistan), whose poetry in Urdu, Arabic and Persian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era and whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. Allama Iqbal is regarded as one of the most influential Muslim poet and scholar of the 20th century throughout the Muslim World.He was also called as Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times. Iqbal is known as Shair-e-Mushriq meaning Poet of the East.He is also called Muffakir-e-Pakistan (“The Inceptor of Pakistan”) and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (“The Sage of the Ummah”).Pakistan Government had recognized him as its “national poet.He has different literary and narrative works.
His first poetry book, Asrar-e-Khudi, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, and Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these, his best known Urdu works are Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and a part of Armughan-e-Hijaz and also Pas Che bayad kard.he had series of lectures in different educational institutions that were later on published by Oxford press as ‘’the Reconstruction of Islamic religious thoughts in Islam’’.Iqbal’s thoughts in his work primarily focus on the spiritual direction and development of human society, centered around experiences from his travels and stays in Western Europe and the Middle East. He was profoundly influenced by Western philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, and Goethe.He died on 21 April 1938, his rest place is in Lahore, outside of the great Badshahi Mosque.
Pakistan, one of the largest Muslim states in the world, is a living and exemplary monument of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. With his untiring efforts, indomitable will, and dauntless courage, he united the Indian Muslims under the banner of the Muslim League and carved out a homeland for them, despite stiff opposition from the Hindu Congress and the British Government.Muhammad Ali Jinnah born on 25 December 1876, he was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم; Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum (بابائے قوم, Father of the Nation).
The national flag of Pakistan was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, just four days before the country's independence, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of Pakistan.The flag was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai and is based on the All-India Muslim League flag.The flag is referred to in the national anthem as the Flag of the Crescent and Star. It is flown on several important days of the year including Republic Day, Independence Day and Defence Day.Pakistan National Flag is of two colors that are dark green and white as the design for this flag were given by the Syed Amir ud Din Kidwai which were approved on 11th August 1947.
Fatima Jinnah was a great personality or the great lady in the history of Pakistan and she always remains great until the end of Pakistan. The National Mother of Pakistan is Fatima Jinnah, she was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the leading founders of Pakistan. Fatima Jinnah in Pakistan is also known as the mother of nation or Madar-i-Milat because she worked hard for the better future of Pakistan’s nation. Fatima Jinnah was very pious and Nobel woman of Pakistan.Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah worked hard together for the better future of the Muslim nation in Subcontinent. Fatima Jinnah played a very important role in the independence of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. When Pakistan was formed in the world map on 14th August 1947, the main problem was a transfer of power from India to Pakistan. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah appointed Fatima Jinnah for All Pakistan Women Association (APWA).
The music of National Anthem was composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, preceding the lyrics, which were written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952.It was officially adopted as Pakistan's national anthem in August 1954 and was recorded in the same year by eleven major singers of Pakistan including Ahmad Rushdi, Kaukab Jahan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zawar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastagir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wasi Ali.The music composed by Chagla reflects his background in both eastern and western music. The lyrics are written in a highly Persianized form of Urdu. Every word in the entire anthem is a loanword from Persian or Arabic except the word “ka” ( کا, “of” )
The Chakor is the National Bird of Pakistan. Its native habitat ranges in Asia from Pakistan to Afghanistan. It is closely related and similar to its western equivalent, the Red-legged Partridge. The Chakor is around 32-35 cm long bird, with a light brown back, grey breast, and buff belly. The face is white with a black gorget. It has rufous-streaked flanks and red legs. When disturbed, it prefers to run rather than fly, but if necessary it flies a short distance on rounded wings.The Chakor is a resident breeder in dry, open, and often hilly country. In the wild, Chakors travel in groups of 5-40 birds called coveys. It nests in a scantily lined ground scrape laying 8 to 20 eggs. Chakors will take a wide variety of seeds and some insects as food.
"Markhor" is the National Animal of Pakistan, Markhor also known as the screw horn goat, is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, northern and central Pakistan, Kashmir in northern India, southern Tajikistan, southern Uzbekistan and in the Himalayas.They are relatively unique and one of the most beautiful wild animals of Pakistan. Pakistan’s national animal, “Markhor” is the symbol of bravery and sharp intelligence. They haven’t any fear during prey and jump from the peak of the mountain to the base. Its weight varies from a range of 40 kg to 100 kg, it has tan color and its height is about 26 to 45 inches above the ground level
"Cedrus deodara" is the Pakistan's National Tree. It is found in the western Himalayas in eastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan (especially in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling and Uttarakhand states).The Latin name is Cadres Deodar.Deodar is the national Tree of Pakistan.The leaves of the tree like the needle.Found in northern Pakistan.Deodar color varies from bright green to Glucose blue-green.Deodar is the bigger evergreen tree that has the heights around 40-50 meters having a trunk up to three meters in diameter.Having a conic crown with a level of branches and drooping branchlets, deodar is laced with needles like leaves and this tree is grown as an ornamental tree. It is often found and grown in bigger gardens. Deodar acts best in mild winters.When it moves 7 to 13 cm (2.8 to 5.1 inch ) length so it's called as barrel shape like as female cones.The male cones are long 4-6 cm and also shed their pollen in the season of autumn.
Another symbol of Pakistan is the national flower of Pakistan. Well, the national flower of the country is Jasmine or Chambeli, which is called the national flower of Pakistan.Chambeli is a very gorgeous delicate tiny flower that has white and yellow colors. It grows in clusters in shrubs. It has sparkling leaves and graceful beautiful fragrance. Chambeli blooms in the summer season and needs an abundance of water, manure, and sunshine to flourish.Chameli is quite common all over Pakistan. Chambeli also has been the central subject of poetry and been described as a symbol of beauty and purity in poetic verses and wo
Mango fruit is the national fruit of Pakistan. Mango fruit is indigenous to sub-continent. There are different kinds and varieties of mangoes. The ripe fruit varies in size and color shape. Cultivars are variously yellow, orange, red or green, and carry a single flat, oblong pit that can be fibrous or hairy on the surface, and which does not separate easily from the pulp. Ripe, unpeeled mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell. The taste of mango fruit could be described as a combination of a nectarine, a pineapple, and an orange. Inside the pit, there is a thin lining covering a single seed. The seed contains the plant embryo.
Below is national emblem of Pakistan. It was adopted in 1954 and symbolizes Pakistan's ideological foundation, the basis of its economy, its cultural heritage and its guiding principles.The father of the nation Quid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah has a moto that is Faith, Unity, Discipline that moto is written at the bottom of this logo while moon and start are on the top of the logo. Its color is green. Crescent and Star are at the top while Urdu version of Quaid's Motto Faith, Unity, and Discipline (ایمان' اتحاد' تنظیم) are written at the bottom. In the center, four major crops of that time (cotton, wheat, tea, and jute) are shown in a form of a shield and signify the importance of agriculture.This shield is surrounded with a beautiful floral design.Surrounding the shield is a floral wreath of Poet's Jasmine representing the Mughal heritage.