"Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind" Elbert Einstein
The Qur'an is a book which contains several references to natural phenomena in explaining the deeper meaning to life and existence in general. The Qur'an leaves room for a variety of interpretations but the consistency with recent science within those acceptable interpretations is still astounding. In Surah 4 Verse 82:
'Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah they would surely have found therein much discrepancy'
There are a number of important aspects of this consistency.
Firstly, it is consistent within itself -i.e. it doesn't contradict itself.
Secondly it confirms the essential teachings of previous revelation.
Thirdly and most impressive is that it is consistent with known scientific facts - including the facts that have only recently been recognised.
Following are the some facts discussed in Qur;an 1400 years ago that depicts the consistency of Qur'an with science and are a blunt proof that nothing is discussed co-incidently in qur'an.
Water is essential for all living things. we all know that water is vital to life but the Qur'an makes a very unusual claim:
''Are, then, they who are bent on denying the truth not aware that the heavens and the earth were [once] one single entity, which We then Parted Asunder? - and [that] we made from water every living thing? Will they not then [begin to] believe?"(21:30)
In this verse, water is pointed out as origin of all life. All living things are made of cells. We now knew that cells are mostly made up of water. For example, 80% of Cytoplasm( basic cell material of a standard animal cell), is described as water in biology textbooks. The fact that living things consist mostly of water was discovered only after the invention of micro scope.
There are two possible meanings to this and both agree exactly with scientific knowledge. One is that every living thing is made from Water (as its essential ingredient) and the other that all life originates from Water. The first meaning is true since in all living cells water is the major component. The latter is true since all life known about had its origins in water.
Iron is not natural to the Earth. It did not form on the Earth but it came to earth from outer space. This may sound strange but it is true. Scientists have found that billions of the years ago, earth was strucked by metroites. These meteorites were carrying iron from distant stars which have exploded. The Qur'an says the following about the origin of iron:
''Verily We have sent Messengers with arguments and have sent down with them the Book and the Balance ofjustice, so that men might uphold justice And We have sent down iron, wherein is great strength and uses formankind. And in order the' Allah may see him who help. Him and His Messengers with out seeing surely. Allahis Powerful Dominant''(57:25)
Allah uses the worlds sent down for the iron. It is clear from the verse that iron is not earthy material but was sent down for the benfit of humanity. The fact that iron came down to earth from outer space is something which could not be known by the primitive science of 7th century.
The sky plays a crucial role in protecting the earth. The sky protects the earth from the lethal rays of the sun. If the sky do noy exist then the sun radiations would have killed all the life on earth. It also act like a blanket wrapped around the earth to protect it from the freezing cold of space. The temperature above the sky is approximately -270 C. If this temprature was to reach earth than the planet would freeze over instantly. The sky also protects life by warming the surface through heat retention(Green house effect) and reducing temperature between day and night. These are some of the very protecting functions of the sky. The Qur'am asked us to consider the sky in the following verse:
''And We made the sky a protected ceiling, but they, from its signs, are turning away''( 21:32)
The Qur'an regards the sky's effect as sign of Allah. The protctive properties of sky were discovered by scientific research conducted in the 20th century.
The Qur'an draws our attention to a very important characteristic of mountains:
''Have We not made the earth a resting place?And the mountains as stakes?'' (78:6-7)
The Quran indicates that mountain have deep roots by using the world stakes to describe them. The fact that mountains do have deep roots and the world steak is an accurate description for that. A book titled " Earth" by geophysicist Frank Press explains that mountains are like steaks and are very deep under the surface of the earth.
For instance, Mount everest the height of which is 9km above ground has a root deeper than 125 km. The fact that mountains have a deep steak like roots was not known untill the formulation of Plate-tectonic theory in the begining of the 20th century.
The expansion of the universe was only discovered in the last few decades and the theories that describe the universe in cosmology only began to be developed after Einstein discovered General Relativity Early in the 20th century. This verse is from a book that was completed 1400 years ago:
''And it is We who have built the universe with [Our creative] power; and verily, it is We who are expanding it.'' (51:47)
The Qur'an mentions the expansion of universe even before the discovery of this fact through telescope.
There is a verse in Qur'an which stated:
''No! If he does not desist, We will surely drag him by the forelock - A lying, sinning forelock.'' (96:15-16)
This verse was revealed on Prophet Mohammad saww to warn Abu Jahal. Allah does not call the person a liar but calls his forehead(the front part of the brain) lying and sinful and warned him to stop. This verse is significant for two reasons:
The first is that frontal part of our brain is responsible for voluntary movements. This is known as frontal lobe. A book titled " essnetials of anatomy and physiology" states that the motivation and foresight of a plan and initiation of movements occur in the frontal lobe. In the verse the same part is said to be siezed by allah if the man does not stop.
Numerous studies have shown that the same region, frontal lobe, is also responsible for lying function of brain. One such study was conducted at the university of penesilvania in which volunteers were asked questions and interogated. it was found that when volunteers were lying there was great activity in the frontal lobe region.
These functions of the frontal lobe were discovered through medical imaging equipment which was developed in the 20th century.
In 1512, the Astronomer Nicholas Caprinicus put forward his theory that sun is motionless at the center of solar system and planets are revoving around it. This believe is wide spread among the astronomers untill the 20th century. It is now a well established fact that the sun is not stationary but is moving in an orbit around our milky way galaxy. The Qur'an mentions the orbit of the sun:
''And it is He who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all [heavenly bodies] in an orbit are swimming'' (21:33)
The Qur'an would have been wrong according to the astronomers just a couple of decades ago but it is now a clear fact that the qur'anic account of sun's orbit is in a consistency with the modern astronomy.
The Qur'an uses imagery to convey its deep meaning. Here Qur'an describe the state of unbelievers as:
"Or [they are] like darknesses within an unfathomable sea which is covered by waves, upon which are waves, over which are clouds - darknesses, some of them upon others. When one puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it. And he to whom Allah has not granted light - for him there is no light."(24:40)
It is commonly thought that the waves only occur on the surface of the ocean. However oceanographers have discovered internal waves that takes place below the surface of the ocean. These waves are invisible to the human eye and can only be detected by specialized equipment. The Qur'an mentions the darkness in the deep oceans above which are waves and cloud above that. This description is not only remarkable because it describes internal waves in the oceans but also it describes the darkness in the oceans. A human being can dive not more than 70 meters without breathing equipment. Light is present at the depth but if we go down 1000 meters, it is completely dark. 1400 years ago, there are no submarines or special equipment to discover internal waves and darkness deep inside the oceans.
The Qur'an informs us that we have a purpose in life and by following Allah's guidance will leads to the inner peace in this life and the life hereafter. The rejection of his message will lead to depression and recklesness in both worlds.